Project Based Learning
Project Based Learning (PBL) is an inquiry-based process for teaching and learning. In PBL, students focus on a complex question or problem, then answer the question or solve the problem through a collaborative process of investigation over an extended period of time. Projects often are used to investigate authentic issues and topics found outside of school. During the inquiry process, students learn content, information, and facts necessary to draw conclusions about the question. Students also learn valuable skills and learning strategies during the process.
As an educational strategy, PBL introduces community connections, which provide students with authentic tasks, encouraging students to address community issues, explore careers, interact with adult mentors, use technology, and present their work to audiences beyond the classroom.
Project Based Learning is designed around a Driving Question that knits together intended outcomes and project activities. Teachers take into account students' learning styles, prior knowledge and questions, as well as curriculum standards when designing the framework and assessments for projects.
PBL can incorporate all traditional teaching tools and methods, including lectures, textbooks, and conventional assessments. However, the nature of PBL challenges that students spend the bulk of the project actively working in groups or individually to research the question and come to conclusions. Also, the advantage of PBL is that it requires students to use specific skills, such as collaboration, teamwork, time and task management, and/or presentation skills, to conclude a project successfully.